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Swiss Foundation of Terre des hommes –Headquarters

Website of the Swiss Foundation of Terre des hommes in Lausanne, Switzerland
Website of the International Federation of Terre des hommes IFTDH. A network of 10 organisations Terre des hommes, works for the rights of the child and promotes equitable development without racial, religious, cultural or gender-based discrimination.  
Website of the Swiss Foundation of Terre des hommes in Egypt. The presence of Terre des hommes in Egypt dates back to 1983. It has been legalized in 1999 by an agreement signed with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Its projects are implemented with the recognition of the Ministry of Social Affairs. Currently, it is present in Egypt through 4 branches, in the governorates of Cairo, Ismailia, Sohag and Assiut.
Website of the Swiss Foundation of Terre des hommes – projects and programs in Nepal.  
The presence of Terre des hommes in Nepal dates back to 1985. The website provides political news and publications since 2000, and is also offering a web portal for Nepal.
Terre des hommes (Tdh) is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites!

A South Asia - based internet platform and digital library of experts for: researchers, policy makers, program advisors, anti-trafficking activists, journalists and NGOs. With more than 1,700 documents on human trafficking – covering more than 130 countries. Run by Terre des hommes and supported by the consulting Ray of Hope.
Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

Campaign against Child Trafficking Website

Website protecting the security and rights of children in specific armed conflicts

UN Website for Children and Armed Conflict

 Peace policy and peace research in Afghanistan

The Human Cost. The Consequences of Insurgent Attacks in Afghanistan.
This report is about insurgent attacks and their consequences. It is based on accounts provided by witnesses, victims, and victims’ relatives, and a thorough review of records and reports of incidents in 2006 and through the first two months of 2007. The report also includes an assessment of statements by insurgent groups themselves, who often claim responsibility for attacks that kill and injure large numbers of civilians. April 2007
Human Security Bulletin  ‘The delivery of Humanitarian Assistance in Afghanistan’

This month’s issue of the HSB focuses on the militarization of aid and the fight for humanitarian space.  It includes essays by Lara Olson, Associate (NGOs, Aid and Conflict), Centre for Military and Strategic Studies, University of Calgary on ‘Fighting for Humanitarian Space: NGOs in Afghanistan’ and an essay by Cheshmak Farhoumand-Sims, Assistant Professor in conflict studies at St. Paul’s University in Ottawa on the negative face of the militarization of aid. (February 2007).

Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination. Princeton University. ‘Creating Security and Stability in Afghanistan and the Region’.

This eight page document outlines policy recommendations addressing critical issues facing the state of Afghanistan: perception and security, the rule of law, mobilization of the economy, and trans-border issues. (January 2007).

ICG: Afghanistan’s endangered compact’^

In this 16 page policy brief, the ICG argues that one year on, the Compact has yet to have much impact. Afghans and internationals alike still need to demonstrate the political will to undertake deep-rooted institutional changes if the goals of this shared vision are to be met. (January 2007).

ICG: ‘Pakistan’s Tribal Areas: Stop Appeasing the Militants’

Taliban and other foreign militants, including al-Qaeda sympathisers, have sheltered since 2001 in Pakistan’s Pashtun-majority Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), seven administrative districts bordering on south eastern Afghanistan. This paper argues that the state’s failure to extend its control over and provide good governance to its citizens in FATA is equally responsible for empowering the radicals. The only sustainable way of dealing with the challenges of militancy, governance and extremism in FATA is through the rule of law and an extension of civil and political rights. (December 2006).
BAAG (Nov 2006), Briefing Pack
The purpose of this revised Briefing Pack for Afghanistan is to provide essential background information for newly recruited staff working for humanitarian agencies. It is also aimed at consultants, researchers, journalists and others who need to travel to Afghanistan or whose work requires them to engage with Afghans living in exile. The document provides background information on the recent history of Afghanistan and the organisation of aid and seeks to offer guidance on the inter-relationship between the aid process and the wider context. (December 2006).
Asia Foundation: ‘Afghanistan in 2006: A Survey of the Afghan People’
The survey details Afghans’ perceptions of democracy, security, poppy cultivation, and the 2005 parliamentary elections -- as well as attitudes towards governing institutions, the role of women and Islam in society, and the impact of media. It was conducted between June and August 2006 and consists of a random sample of 6,226 in-person interviews with Afghan men and women, 18 years of age and above, from different social, economic, and ethnic communities. Rural and urban areas in 32 of the 34 provinces were covered, with Uruzgan and Zabul -- representing approximately 1.1 percent and 1.2 percent of the population, respectively -- excluded due to extreme security conditions. (November 2006).
UNODC and the World Bank: ‘Afghanistan's Drug
Industry: Structure, Functioning, Dynamics, and Implications for Counter-Narcotics Policy’
The UNODC report finds that ‘although Afghanistan accounts for more than 90 percent of global illegal opium output, the bulk of opium growth this year has been concentrated in Helmand and a few other highly insecure and insurgency-ridden provinces in the south. Elsewhere in the country patterns have been much more mixed, with increases in some provinces and reductions in others. Consequently, even in this year – a year of record production - opium takes up less than 4 percent of the total cultivated area in Afghanistan. An estimated 13 percent of the population was involved in opium poppy cultivation. Most districts and localities do not grow opium. Although the opium economy accounts for around one-third of total economic activity in the country, most Afghans are not part of the drug industry.’ (November 2006).,%202006.pdf
ACBAR Briefing Paper:  â€˜Aid Effectiveness in Afghanistan:  At a Crossroads’
This paper examines some of the key issues relating to aid effectiveness in Afghanistan from the perspective of NGOs operating there.  Issues raised included current levels of aid; government capacity and absorption (unspent aid); state building efforts and support to service delivery; transition plans for development; regional development; military support and donor support for front line services. (November 2006).
Oxfam Briefing Paper, ‘Free, Quality Education for Every Afghan Child’
This new briefing paper from Oxfam reports that despite a 500 per cent increase in enrolments in the last six years, half of all children in Afghanistan still do not go to school.   Those who do, encounter an environment in whicih there are not enough teachers, and/or inadequate resources and facilities.  The paper outlines a number of contributing factors including unco-ordinated and opaque budget allocation and spending in the education sector by various stakeholders, and the steep contributions required by households that deter entry to the formal education system. (November 2006).
Patel, S. ‘Voices of Afghanistan: An evaluation study’, Centre for Strategic and International Studies.
“Afghans are less hopeful today than they were a year ago. The state-building mission has lost ground, and is slipping further into the "danger zone." These are the initial findings and first impressions of Measures of Progress 2006, a study being conducted by the PCR Project, to evaluate the impact that reconstruction efforts have had on the average Afghan. Seema Patel discussed her insights on Afghanistan upon her return from nearly seven weeks in the country. (October 2006).
Lessons in Terror. Attacks on Education in Afghanistan. This 142-page report documents 204 incidents of attacks on teachers, students and schools since January 2005. This number, which underestimates the severity of the crisis due to the difficulty of gathering data in Afghanistan, reflects a sharp increase in attacks as the security situation in many parts of the country has deteriorated. There appear to have been more attacks on the education system in the first half of 2006 than in all of 2005. Southern and southeastern Afghanistan face the most serious threat, but schools in other areas have also been attacked. (July 2006.)
Humanitarian Agenda 2015 Afghanistan Country Study.
53 p. This study is part of a research program undertaken by the Feinstein International Center at Tufts University on “The Humanitarian Agenda 2015: Principles, Politics and Perceptions” (HA 2015).1 The key findings of the research in Afghanistan are presented in the following pages under the four HA 2015 headings: the universality of the humanitarian enterprise; terror and counter-terror and its impact on humanitarian action; coherence of political and humanitarian endeavors; and issues related to security of communities and humanitarian personnel. This is preceded by a brief historical background and by an overview of Afghans’ perceptions of the aid effort. A final section presents key conclusions and (policy) recommendations. June 2006
Afghanistan’s New Legislature: Making Democracy Work. The new National Assembly has the potential to play a vital role in stabilising Afghanistan, entrenching pluralism, institutionalising political competition and giving voice to the country’s diverse population. By being accountable to the Afghan people it can demand accountability of the presidential government. However, the success of this fledgling institution remains delicately poised, particularly because of the absence of a formal role for political parties, essential for mediating internal tensions. The lack of such organised blocs has seen power-brokers of past eras try to dominate proceedings. New moderate forces need to move quickly now to establish formal groups within the houses to ensure their voices are heard. (May 2006).
By the Numbers
. Findings of the Detainee Abuse and Accountability Project. This 27-page report presents findings of the Detainee Abuse and Accountability Project, a joint project of New York University’s Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, Human Rights Watch and Human Rights First. The project is the first comprehensive accounting of credible allegations of torture and abuse in U.S. custody in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantánamo. (April 2006).
Rebuilding the Afghan State: The European Union’s Role. Since the Taliban’s fall in 2001, the European Union (EU) has been a major contributor to Afghanistan. A substantial European Commission (EC) delegation oversees an annual budget of some €200 million in development aid, and a Special Representative (EUSR) is in residence. Altogether the EC and member states pledged nearly a third of the money at the 2002 Tokyo and 2004 Berlin donor conferences and the latter contribute over two thirds of the peacekeeping troops as well as Coalition forces battling anti-government insurgents. However EU influence is less than it should be. As a new agenda is drawn up to succeed the Bonn process, the EU needs more internal coordination if it is to gain greater leverage and hold the Afghan government to higher standards of governance and democratic development. (November 2005).
Blood-Stained Hands
. Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan’s Legacy of Impunity. This 133-page report is based on extensive research by Human Rights Watch over the last two years, including more than 150 interviews with witnesses, survivors, government officials, and combatants. It documents war crimes and human rights abuses during a particularly bloody year in Afghanistan’s civil war—the Afghan calendar year of 1371, from April 1992 to March 1993, following the collapse of the Soviet-backed Najibullah government in Kabul. (July 2005).
Afghanistan Elections: Endgame or New Beginning?
Elections for Afghanistan's National Assembly and Provincial Councils are a critical opportunity to achieve a sustainable peace in a country that is still emerging from a quarter century of conflict, created and exacerbated by ethnic, sectarian, regional and linguistic divisions. A representative and functional National Assembly could prove a crucial step in stabilising Afghanistan by allowing diversity of voices in decision-making. Provincial Councils could also help extend the authority of central government by introducing legally approved layers of devolution. (July 2005).
Political Parties in Afghanistan. As parliamentary elections approach in September 2005, early hopes that a strong, pluralistic political party system would help stabilise Afghanistan's political transition are fading. Karzai government policies, accompanied by an inappropriate voting system, are sidelining the parties at a time when there is increasing popular dissatisfaction with the slow progress in economic reconstruction, rising corruption and continued insecurity. This is worrying since it was marginalisation and intolerance of political opposition that stunted the development of a pluralistic system, and was largely responsible for past violence in Afghanistan. If current laws constraining party functioning are not changed, political stability will be illusory. (June 2005).
Afghanistan: Getting Disarmament Back on Track.
The process of disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of forces is crucial to creating the conditions for the Karzai government to extend its authority throughout the country and for establishing the rule of law, but its ultimate fate is still very uncertain. Thus far it has helped decommission or reduce most of the officially recognised militia units in Afghanistan, and with the support of the Coalition and the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), has collected the bulk of their heavy weaponry. But it has failed. (February 2005).
Afghanistan: From Presidential to Parliamentary Elections.
 42 p. "The October 2004 presidential election went well, and Afghanistan now has its first ever popularly elected president. But the parliamentary, provincial and district elections now scheduled for April 2005 will be considerably more complicated, and preparations are going too slowly. If the parliamentary vote is delayed again -- it was originally to have been concurrent with the presidential election -- there is a risk that the Karzai administration's legitimacy will be seriously tarnished. Both his government and the international community need to put in more resources and make more progress in the next few months on improving security, cutting down the power of the warlords, and attacking the spreading influence of the drugs trade." (November 2004).
Between Hope and Fear - Intimidation and Attacks against Women in Public Life in Afghanistan. 39 p. “Continuing religious and cultural conservatism, and a dangerous security environment, mean that women still struggle to participate in the country’s evolving political institutions. Regional military factions and religious conservative leaders, as well as the Taliban and other insurgent forces, are limiting Afghan women’s participation in society through death threats, harassment, and physical attacks.” (October 2004) The Rule of the Gun - Human Rights Abuses and Political Repression in the Run-up to Afghanistan’s Presidential Election. 52 p. “Parliamentary elections have been postponed until 2005 because of security concerns and logistical problems. Major security and human rights problems persist, and seriously endanger the country’s future.” (September 2004)

The Road to Abu Ghraib. This 38-page report examines how the Bush administration adopted a deliberate policy of permitting illegal interrogation techniques – and then spent two years covering up or ignoring reports of torture and other abuse by U.S. troops. The torture and mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison was the predictable result of the Bush administration's decision to circumvent international law. The Bush administration has denied having a policy to torture or abuse detainees. Human Rights Watch calls on President Bush to provide evidence for those denials by publicly releasing all relevant government documents. Human Rights Watch also urges the administration to detail the steps being taken to ensure that these abusive practices do not continue, and to prosecute vigorously all those responsible for ordering or condoning this abuse. (June 2004)
Elections and Security in Afghanistan There is need to do more than ensure that Afghanistan gets adequate long-term funding -- the objective of the 31-March-1 April Berlin conference. Lack of security, slow progress in the disarmament of militias, and a weakly developed legal and institutional framework for democratic politics endanger the success of the presidential and parliamentary elections scheduled for September. (31 March 2004) 
"Afghanistan can boast of many remarkable achievements over the past two years: the adoption of a national development and budget framework, the reform of central government ministries, the return of millions of children to school, the repatriation of 2.5 million refugees and the resettlement of 600,000 internally displaced peoples (one of the largest voluntary refugee influxes in history), the introduction of a new currency (the Afghani), and the adoption of a constitution through a democratic process. However, in spite of these advancements, security remains precarious, and the vast majority of the population has yet to see a peace dividend." (March 2004)
Are the Taliban Really “Gone”?
Mark Sedra is a research associate at the Bonn International Center for Conversion. He recently returned from Afghanistan, where he spent two months assessing the needs of the Afghan security sector on behalf of the UN and the Afghan government. He writes regularly for Foreign Policy in Focus. March 2004.
Enduring Freedom: Abuses by U.S. Forces in Afghanistan

This 59-page report is based on research conducted by Human Rights Watch in Afghanistan and Pakistan in 2003 and early 2004. Human Rights Watch documented cases of U.S. forces using military tactics, including unprovoked deadly force, during operations to apprehend civilians in uncontested residential areas—situations where law enforcement standards and tactics should have been used. Afghan forces deployed with U.S. forces have also mistreated persons during search and arrest operations and looted homes. The report also details mistreatment in U.S. detention facilities. March 8, 2004.
Afghanistan’s proposed new constitution is significantly flawed. The draft differs radically from the one the Constitutional Review Commission submitted to President Karzai in late September and would be unlikely to ensure inclusive, democratic governance and protect human rights – issues central to its public acceptance and national stability.
The Conflict Prevention Initiative: Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research. Provides a searchable database of links to critical reference materials, maps, regional and international news sources, as well as easy access to information on organizations and specialists active in the field – with more than 2.000 online articles.

Afghan Legal Reform: Challenges and Opportunities
(HPCR Policy Brief, Jan 2003) (also Dari version)
Securing Communities for Reconstruction in Afghanistan:
Views from Afghan community leaders in refugee camps in Iran

(HPCR Policy Brief 6, 23 May 2002)

Securing Communities for Reconstruction in Afghanistan:
A Summary of Interviews and Discussions with Community and NGO Leaders

(HPCR Policy Brief 5, 16 Apr 2002) (also
Dari version)
Afghanistan: A New Era of Humanitarian Assistance
(HPCR Policy Brief 4, 13 Mar 2002)
Key Challenges for Recovery in Afghanistan
(HPCR Policy Brief 3, v2, 14 Jan 2002)
The Role of Islam in Shaping the Future of Afghanistan
(HPCR Policy Brief 2, 15 Oct 2001)
Internal Displacement in Afghanistan: New Challenges
(HPCR Policy Brief 1, v3, 14 Jan 2002)
Preventing New Afghanistan : A Regional Strategy for Reconstruction
Rebuilding Afghanistan : Fantasy versus Reality
Politics at the heart: The Architecture of Humanitarian Assistance to Afghanistan
Peace-building Strategies for Afghanistan
Humanitarian Challenges in Afghanistan: Administrative Structures and Gender and Assistance
Afghanistan and Threats to Human Security
Afghanistan: The Challenges of Post-Conflict Assistance
Coherence or Cooption: Politics, Aid and Peacebuilding in Afghanistan
Afghanistan: Reconstruction and Peace building in a Regional Framework
A practice-oriented peace-oriented institute with headquarters in Berne, Switzerland
James Fearon, David Laitin: Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War.” A paper that shows that current prevalence of internal war is mainly the result of a steady accumulation of protracted conflicts since the 50s and 60s.
The role of humanitarian action in relation to the Afghan conflict & whether humanitarian agencies can contribute to peace building.

Afghan Culture and Heritage
Information on the Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks and Turkmens, Hazara, and other groups in the country
News and cultural site by and about the Hazara people of Afghanistan. Includes discussion of crimes against Afghanistan's ethnic groups and women
Website about the Hazara people in Central Afghanistan
The Hazara people of Central Afghanistan
The Pashtuns of Afghanistan – location, history and politics
The Pashtuns: profile of the warrior peoples of Afghanistan and Pakistan and an explanation of the Pashtunwali code of ethics
Shia Ismailis of Afghanistan – information, news and resources
The Tajiks of Afghanistan
Gallery of Art of the Muslim World: featuring examples from Iran, Syria, Egypt, Morocco, Al-Andalus, Turkey, Afghanistan, India, and Indonesia
News and links to subjects on all things Afghani, from politics to arts to culture. Offers email, the Afghan News Channel, and more.
Brief overview of the famous traditional Afghan sport Buzkashi
Explanation of the traditional Buzkashi in which
riders compete to gain control of a headless carcass
History of the game which dates back to the time of Ghengis Khan
Audio songs, Afghani Singers' photo album, and MIDI instrumental page
Interactive look at pre-war Afghanistan. Includes Kabul, storybook character Mullah Nasrudin, Afghan food and clothing, and pictures.
Invites Afghans to express their opinion about issues, which affect their lives, A forum for the mutual support of the Afghan community
Information on Buddhism in Afghanistan and the two monumental Buddha
Includes an international petition to safeguard Afghanistan's cultural heritage
Center for Afghan studies
Several articles describing the destruction of ancient statues as well as the pillage of the Kabul Museum. From the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
The destruction and plunder of the National Museum in Darulaman, near Kabul. Includes a list of stolen or imperiled artifacts and map of archaeological sites in Afghanistan
Illustrates regions populated by different Iranian, Turkic, and other language-speaking groups
Languages and related information about Afghanistan
The gardens of the Islamic dynasty that ruled between 1526 and 1858 in territories now divided among northern India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan
Offers virtual greeting cards
Literature and language – Pashtu and Dari – in Afghanistan
Tribute to the lion who lived most of his life in Kabul, Afghanistan
Biography of the poet Maulaana Jamalludin Balkhi
Afghan classical, folk, and contemporary music
Offers English-language translations from the Peshawar-based news agency which is close to the Taliban movement in Afghanistan
Poetry of great Persian writers from Iran and Afghanistan. Also providing Farsi translations
Society for the Preservation of Afghanistan’s Cultural Heritage - newsletter dealing with the 1990s events at Kabul Museum.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has put together a guide for teachers who want to teach (or learn) more about this region of the world and includes links to lesson plans, photo galleries, documentary videos, maps, news, and more

Photos Afghanistan
A wonderful photo exhibition about Afghanistan
Images of modern and classic architecture
Wonderful Images from the Harrison Forman Collection - documenting the life and culture of Afghanistan in the late 1960s
Photojournalist Iikaa Uimonen treks across Afghani mountains to see how a village has survived war and drought
Images from Afghanistan
Ciriello Raffaele: freelance photojournalist that mainly covers wars and areas of conflict. Includes photos from Afghanistan, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, and Rwanda
Photo essay from the BBC
Beneath the veil: inside Taliban Afghanistan. Image gallery from Saira Shah's documentary
Photo essay and report underscoring the effects of drought, politics, religion, and poverty on the Afghan people
Photos and comments from a 1975 overland trip to Bamiyan and Band-i-Amir
Historical photos retracing the country's history - Includes portraits, maps, and photographs
Pictures of Kabul, winter scenes, Bactrian Plain, Nuristan, and more
Photos from Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, and Morocco by French photographer Alain Rempfer
Photos of Kabul, Valley of Bamyan, and Band-i-Amir taken in 1978.

Politics and Government

The Government of Afghanistan is committed to sharing information openly with its international and national partners and with the Afghan people. This website is part of this commitment to transparency, along with sites managed by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a Dari and Pashto site managed by the Office of the President, and other Line Ministry sites.

The Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) pursuant to the Bonn Agreement was established and became functional following a decree of the president of the Interim Administration of Afghanistan (AIA) on 6 June 2002. The New Afghan Constitution adopted at the Constitutional Loya Jirga (the grand assembly) on 5 January 2004 provides for a permanent independent Human Rights Commission.
IWPR with support from the International Organisation of Migration (IOM) reported on all stages of the Loya Jirga and recorded all 70 hours of the proceedings. From this recording a transcript has been created in its original languages (Dari & Pashto).  337 pages. (This file is 4.9 mega bytes and may take some time to download, please be patient.)
Institute for War and Peace Reporting supports the recovery of the Afghan media by training journalists, syndicating articles on humanitarian recovery and democratisation to the local press, and supporting joint research and other projects with regional publications and training institutions 
Arundhati Roy, Algebra of Infinite Justice: War is Peace.
Agreement on Provisional Arrangements in Afghanistan Pending the Re-establishment of Permanent Government Institutions
Bonn talks: The Afghan News Administration –Interim Government
Profile of Hamid Karzai
Profil of the Pashtun tribal leader Hamid Karzai who was sworn in to lead Afghanistan's interim government - the country's first official post-Taliban ruling body
Profiles of the new leaders of Afghanistan. Includes Hamid Karzai, Burhanuddin Rabbani, Mohammed Fahim, Rashid Dostum, and Ismail Khan. From ABCNews
More information about Burrhan ul-Din Rabani, the former president of the Islamic State of Afghanistan and political leader of the Northern Alliance
Profiles of the different Afghan leaders of the past and present
Dealing with warlords
Profile of the leader of the Northern Provinces in Afghanistan
Biography of the leader of Afghanistan's minority Uzbek community, from the BBC
A tribute to Ahmad Shah Masood
Information on Massoud’s conflict against the Taliban-led government of Afghanistan
Transcript of an interview with Massoud by CNN
Speech by Massoud made through the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations at a 1998 hearing on events in Afghanistan
Article which describes the charisma, eloquence, vision, and leadership style of the Northern Alliance leader assassinated two days prior the WTC and Pentagon attacks
The Taliban: information, news reports, and videos on the Taliban, Afghanistan's fundamentalist leaders.
Special report on Taliban by Musa M.Maroofi, 1998
Who are the Taliban – BBC analysis
The Afghanistan Islamic rebel faction actively and belligerently opposing its country's Taliban regime.
Coverage of the Taliban's coming to power in Afghanistan in 1996
The political role of Afghanistan in the area with profiles of Afghan Mujahideen and report on the new Islamist national
Depleted Uranium weapons in 2001-2002, Occupational, public and environmental health issues, Mystery Metal Nightmare in Afghanistan? Collected studies and public domain sources compiled by Dai Williams, 31 January 2002
The United States loudly and proudly boasted this month of its new bomb currently being used against al-Qaida hold-outs in Afghanistan; it sucks the air from underground installations, suffocating those within. The US has also admitted that it has used depleted uranium weaponry over the last decade against bunkers in Iraq, Kosovo, and now Afghanistan.
Afghanistan Liberation Organization (ALO), Marxist-Leninst organization which struggles for the cause of communism.
Directory of politics sites
The Online Center for Afghan Studies
More about Afghanistan Peace Organization
Includes links about the Soviet war, mine clearing programs, refugee information, and more
Strategic analysis of Soviet and Afghanistan war by General Mohammad Yahya Nawroz and LTC Lester W. Grau
Association for peace and democracy
USAID – Humanitarian Crisis in Central Asia
Website of Amnesty International
Contains texts of annual reports of Amnesty International
Human Rights Watch website
Features 1999 and 2000 entries and reports on the massacres of Hazaras and the massacre in Mazar-I Sharif
Report documenting two massacres committed by Taliban forces in the central highlands of Afghanistan, in Jan 2001 and May 2000. From Human Rights Watch, Feb 2001
Describes the role of Pakistan, Russia, and Iran in fueling the civil war. From Human Rights Watch
Anti-Pashtun Violence in Northern Afghanistan: Recent Testimonies
The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979 – 1982; full text of book by M. Hassan Kakar. From the University of California Press
Discusses the Soviet experience in Afghanistan as an example of a modern force which was seriously hampered by disease and poor field sanitation
BBC News report on the March 2002 Operation Anaconda, an offensive into the mountains and caves of eastern Afghanistan
Full text of Osama Bin Laden's appearance on Al Jazeera television where he offered a strongly-worded warning to the United States about military intervention in Afghanistan
US Fact Sheet on Osama bin Laden - distributed by the Defense Department August 20, 1998
Old profile of the previous governments in Afghanistan
Publication of Afghanistan's communists
Article on press freedom by Masood Farivar
Beneath the Veil:  companion to journalist Saira Shah's documentary of a journey from the refugee camps of Pakistan into Afghanistan, her ancestral homeland
Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, W. China, Georgia, N. Iran, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia (Muslim & Turkic Regions), Tajikistan & Uzbekistan
Civilian casualties in Afghanistan - the toll of the War on Terrorism
CNN: The Taliban regime and its UN battle - archive of related stories, as well as an examination of current Taliban rulings and the origins of the party
Flags of Afghanistan
Information on the militia, air force, airbases, and more,1284,639136,00.html
Life in Camp X-Ray: The Guardian examines the reported conditions in the detention center,1361,556937,00.html
Zahir Shah says he wants to free his people and wants to lead a transitional government should the US succeed in overthrowing the Taliban
BBC News article explaining that Afghanistan's former monarch could play a major role in a future settlement for the country
Zahir Shah - collection of articles about the Afghan monarch and his exile
Article from the Far Eastern Economic Review that argues that Karzai, being neither a warlord nor a career politician, may be just what the country needs.,1284,615225,00.html
Special report from Guardian Unlimited about Hamid Karzai
U.S. Department of State covering human rights practices, religious freedom, international narcotics control strategy, and women and girls in Afghanistan
Hezb-e-Islami – Political Party
News and analysis of the September 11 attacks and the build up to the war in Afghanistan from a socialist point of view
Interview with the Pakistani journalist Ahmed Rashid who has reported from inside Afghanistan for decades
Interview with the Central Asia correspondent for the Far Eastern Economic Review and The Times of London
Institute for Afghan Studies, a non-profit, independent organization promoting research on social, economic, political, and other Afghanistan-related issues
Saira Shah: chat transcript from August 2001 with the freelance journalist who created the documentary "Beneath the Veil"
Internet Law Library by courtesy of the United States House of Representatives Law Revision Counsel
Copy of a 1995 letter from Rodney Stich to members of Congress that details how Afghani rebels attempted to return 30 to 40 Stinger missiles to the U.S. but were turned down
Graphic showing U.S. retaliation against Afghanistan and Sudan for the 1998 embassy bombings
Interview with Robert P. George discussing the ideas of just war theory and the war in Afghanistan
October 14, 2001 article – No Glory in Unjust War on the Weak - by Barbara Kingsolver decrying the bombings on Afghanistan in response to the September terrorist attacks
Archive of reports examining the just war theory, and the question of whether the pursuit of terrorists in Afghanistan represents a just war
Special report which features news, analysis, a profile of Osama bin Laden, and background on the U.S. missile attack on Sudan an Afghanistan
Links to political parties and factions in Afghanistan
Current political and social views on the country
War in Afghanistan - stories and reports from Guardian
The issues and history of Afghanistan, the Taliban, and the conflict following the September 11 terrorist attack on the United States
UK site featuring information and discussion on the ongoing war in Afghanistan and elsewhere
Who will count the dead? Considers the U.S. media's failure to report civilian casualties in Afghanistan
Journal and critical comment on the war in Afghanistan
The war in Afghanistan - 47 questions and answers, with additional links for further information 

Maps, cartography and country guides & history
Provinces, several cities, bordering countries, and major roads and railway line
Basic information on the country, updated news, war history, maps, and more
Map representing the area from Kabul in the northeast to Kandahar in the southwest.
Afghanistan map
Simple map showing major cities and neighboring countries
General facts on Afghanistan; news, history, culture, chat room, and more.
Pre-history to the present, includes maps, quotes from historical figures, and the texts of past constitutions.
Informal association of scholars, writers, diplomats and of aid and development experts who have worked or still work in or on Afghanistan, news archives, links, and more
Map of the country from National Geographic, includes a satellite view and overviews which indicate general locations of ethnic groups
Satellite views of Afghanistan
General information about the country, culture, and history
The Pashtunistan region shared by both countries Afghanistan and Pakistan
Features information on holidays, traditional costumes, superstitions, art and artifacts, and more
Publishes daily news on Afghanistan and provides information about Afghan society, culture, and current issues
Offers news, interviews with Afghani political figures, and collection of articles relating Taliban and terrorism in Afghanistan
Provides a sketch of geography, economy, society, modern history, and government
US Government Website about Afghanistan: geography, economy, and society
Offers a brief explanation of the history of the capital Kabul, which is located in east central Afghanistan
Historical overview of the Kandahar, second largest city in Afghanistan
BBC News article discussing how tourists have returned to brave the six-hour journey on the famous Khyber steam safari train from Peshawar, Pakistan to the border with Afghanistan
Maps of Afghan airfield and militia base locations, provinces, Kabul, and more
Map of political groups and military activities during 1979-1989
Maps, cultural, political, religious, and economic overviews
Article about the development and authenticity of the Taliban, by Abu Abdul Aziz Al-Afghani
Directory of information and sites on all aspects of Kabul and Afghanistan
History, facts, and predominant figures with photos
A web directory and information on Afghanistan and Pashtuns
Interview with Mir Tamim Ansary on the impact of his forwarded email about the pointlessness of bombing Afghanistan
Useful travel warning and maps of Afghanistan by Lonely Planet
The great trunk road from India to Afghanistan by Lonely Planet
Shangri La: presents the natural and geographical aspects of the entire Himalayas and the vicinity areas of Burma, Tibet (China), India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan
Relief map of Afghanistan: details, provinces and major cities
The presents physical and human geography as well as history of the country
UN map of Afghanistan
News and information about the country

Aid and Assistance Community
ACBAR is an independent coordinating body of Afghan and international NGOs that provide humanitarian and development assistance to Afghans.
Care International for Afghanistan
Canadian Food for the Hungry International 
Danish Committee for Aid to Afghan Refugees (DACAAR)
Website of European Union's Humanitarian Aid Office
Information and ways to fight famine in Afghanistan, Burundi, and elsewhere
International Committee of the Red Cross
Mediar – international humanitarian aid organization
Oxfam's key concerns and response regarding the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan
Afghanistan Programming Body (Assistance Afghanistan)
Afghanistan Support Group
Information from the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs'  or
Swedish Committee for Afghanistan - implementing aid activities to promote economic and social development
Website of the German Agro Action, working for a long time in Afghanistan and elsewhere
The International Save the Children Alliance
Website of the French NGO Solidarites
UN Center for human settlement
UNHCR website
UNICEF Website
UNICEF Website related to Afghanistan
UN World Food Program
UNOCHA Website
Afghan-UK NGO Afghanaid
Organization of engineers that seeks to foster international financial and technical assistance for the reconstruction of Afghanistan
Afghan Network Foundation
Help the Afghan children NGO
PARSA – A NGO working assisting needy people of Kabul, particularly widows, who are on the streets begging to find work and/or develop skills in order to be self-supporting 

Women in Afghanistan
A magazine produced for women by women
Campaign to stop gender apartheid in Afghanistan. A project of the Feminist Majority
The Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) Website
Behind the Veil: Information from Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) about the documentary by reporter Saira Shah
Created by Afghan and French women to address the living conditions of women living in Afghanistan
Shuhada: non-governmental and non-profit organization committed to the reconstruction and development of Afghanistan with special emphasis on the empowerment of women and children
News stories highlighting the suppression of women in Afghanistan gathered by Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA)
Establishment of the charter for essential human rights for Afghan women by the Dushanbe Conference
Women’s Alliance for Peace and Human Rights in Afghanistan - nonpartisan and nonprofit organization advocating for social, political, economic, and civil rights of the Afghan women and girls
Afghan women’s association
Afghan Women’s Mission
From the Journal of the American Medical Association, August 5, 1998

News and media
Links to newspapers and news sources
Academic Info is a user supported nonprofit organization
Provides news, analysis of events, maps, pictures, and more
Provides the latest news on national and international events.
News, entertainment, cities, flags, maps, history, and more.
Offers news with summaries and links to breaking news stories from hundreds of major online news sources.
Provides a lot of local and world news articles
Afghan culture, arts, music, literature, and the plight of Afghans through the world
An Afghan news channel
News and media from Afghanistan
Afghan online press
Website of the leading Pakistani HERALD, a monthly magazine published in Pakistan
More sites about:  News and Media covering Afghanistan
News and links covering political, economic, environmental, and social developments
Humanitarian Information Center (HIC) for Afghanistan
The largest English and Urdu Newspaper publication Group of Pakistan.
Updated daily news on Afghanistan
News feature on the Hazara of Afghanistan
Background on the current situation in the country
Omaid Weekly - offering news, articles, analysis, and more on Afghanistan current affairs, politics, history, society, and culture
Website of the Northern Alliance - online weekly news in the Pushtu and Dari languages
Coverage that features interviews, background material, analysis, and more

Music and news from Afghanistan


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